Tactics, skills and strategies constitute what teachers “do” in the classroom. Concepts and organisers cannot be done, but by bearing them in mind and understanding their importance, teachers can do things to make them come alive. Let us consider the notion of concepts first. Concepts may be defined as “lenses” that enable teachers to understand how, when and where to apply and integrate skills, tactics and strategies. For instance when teachers frame questions effectively (skill) and use tactics such as “Think-pair share”, they are invoking such concepts as student accountability and safety. When teachers take time to relate the learning to students’ experiences (skill), they are helping to make the students’ learning more novel and authentic, as well as promoting student motivation.
with thanks to The ETBI Instructional Leadership Programme